Purpose and Intent
The Moravian Duos, Op. 32 are charming songs set in a simple, folk-like style. This version arranged for flute, clarinet, and piano was designed to be accessible by all levels of flutists and clarinetists. With both the flute and clarinet alternating the melodic content with accompaniment, these duos provide each instrument with various challenges. The rhythms, melodies, and ranges are accessible by young players, while advanced players can delve into the emotional and musical side of each song, which often juxtaposes cheerful melodies with despairing text. Whether being used as pedagogical tools by teachers or fun pieces for exploring chamber music at Solo and Ensemble, the Moravian Duos are lovely additions to any performance and equally educational for young players.
Originally composed by Antonín Dvořák (1841-1904) around 1876, the Moravian Duos, Op. 32 were written for 2 sopranos, or soprano and alto, with piano accompaniment. Dvořák had been asked to write duets based on folk songs collected by Moravian priest Fratišek Sušil (1804-1868). He used the original folk song texts, but composed his own melodies. Johannes Brahms first notices these duos and recommended them to the German publisher Simrock. Because of their popularity, the Moravian Duos were partially responsible for catapulting Dvořák into the international realm of fame.